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About Lhoka Prefecture

It lies to the south of Mt. Kailash and the Nyainqentanglha Mountains, along the middle and lower reaches of the Yarlung Tsangpo River, and enjoys a comparatively mild climate. Lhoka Prefecture is often regarded as the birthplace of Tibetan civilization. Its uniqueness stems from the fact that Tibet's earliest agricultural farmland, its first palace and first Buddhist monastery are all located in Lhoka. Legend says that Tibetan ancestor were born from coupling of Sacred Monkey and the Rock Ogress on Mt. Gongburi in Tsetang, so the mountain is considered to be sacred by the Tibetans

Lhoka Prefecture has not only an ancient historical background but is also the most prosperous in Tibet. It have 12 counties, where dozens of Sacred mountains, Meditation caves, Palaces, Tombs of emperor and Holy Lakes are distributed.

Yombulagang Palace

Situated in NeDong County, about 8 km outh of Tsedang town. Known as the first imperial palace in Tibet, was built in the second century BC by Nyatri Tsanpo. In the 7th century AD, Songtsan Gampo moved the capital to Lhasa and Yumbulagang gradually became a Buddhist palace, and then the 5th Dalai Lama changed it as the monastery of Old-Yellow Hat Sect (Kadampa).The palace is mainly divided into two parts: the front part is multi-layer palace, while the back part is a square watchtower of a high blockhouse connected with the front part.

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Samye Monastery

Samye Monastery is about 38 kilometers from Tsedang. The monastery was built in 779 under the supervision of Master Padmasambhava and Tibetan King Trisong Detsen. It is the first monastery in Tibet. The magnificent and unique Central Hall is three story high. The first floor is of the Tibetan architectural style, the second the Han style and the third the Indian style. The halls in the monastery house many statues and murals. The monastery has bronze bells, carved marble lions and tablets marking the development of Buddhism. All these are valuable cultural relics.

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Tombs Of Tibetan Emperor

Located at ChongGay, 30 km far from Tsedang. Burial ground of the 29th -40th the Emperor, The ministers and the royal concubines. From all of the tombs, the most remarkable one is Emperor Songtsan Gampo. According to historical records there are five underground chambers containing statues of Songtsan Gampo, Shakyamuni and Padmasambava with great quantities of gold, silver, pears and agates as funeral objects.

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Yamdrok Yutso

In Nagarze County, It is one of the three sacred lakes in tibet, with an elevation of 4,400 m, an area of 800 sq km and a depth of 30-40 m.A bird's eye-view shows that the lake is like a large sapphire inlaid in the mountains, presenting picturesque cenery with crows and sheep on its bank and the water birds on the surface of the lake

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Trandruk Temple

It lies at 5 km south of Tsedang. Built under the reign of Emperor Songtsen Gampo, Trandruk later experienced large-scale reconstruction after it converted to Gelugpa. It was built in the style of Tang Dynasty structures and adopted the characteristics of Nepalese and Indian architecture. The building has many chapels. In one of the chapels houses a precious pearl Thangka, representing Chenrezi at rest. Made up of 30,000 pearls and hundreds of other gems like diamonds, sapphires, turquoise, rubies and amber.

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